Climate Change Mitigation

Revised Methodology for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Benefits of GEF Energy Efficiency Projects (Version 1.0)

Improving energy efficiency (EE) is the single most important abatement opportunity reducing global warming. For the next couple of decades, energy efficiency’s contribution to energy use or emission reduction is estimated between 25-50% of the total mitigation potential depending on the model used. Most models put the associated absolute CO2 emission reduction potentials in 2030 between 4 and 8 Gt (IEA, 2011). The World Bank estimated that the GEF energy efficiency projects implemented by the World Bank, in the period of 1992-2009, have delivered nearly 100 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) in direct emission reductions over the lifetime of the projects, and close to 300 million tCO2e in indirect emission reductions. GEF requires every climate change project to provide an estimate of the avoided or reduced amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions the project expected to deliver at the ex ante stage (pre-implementation stage). In 2008, the GEF developed an ex-ante methodology for calculating greenhouse gas emissions reductions for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. STAP assisted the GEF in updating/revising the methodology with a focus on ex-ante calculation of energy efficiency measures. The updated GEF EE Methodology is developed to assist project developers in calculating project-specific ex-ante greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to be used during project preparation before the CEO endorsement. The intent of this proposed revision is to improve the rigor and consistency of the GHG analysis, and to simplify the application of the methodology for GEF agencies, by providing a more complete, and easy-to-use spreadsheet tool that embeds more standardized guidance in the form of algorithms for component-specific calculations, conservative default factors as well as dynamic baselines. The methodology has four modules to allow for calculations of GHG emission reductions:

  1. Standards and Labeling,
  2. Building Codes,
  3. Demonstration and Diffusion, and
  4. Financial Instruments.

The Methodology includes an Excel Spreadsheet and the accompanying documentation with a step-by-step guide how to use the methodology and four examples demonstrating the use each module in the methodology. Prepared By: Margarita Dyubanova Publication Date: 5 April 2013

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Climate Change: A Scientific Assessment for the GEF

STAP releases assessment of climate mitigation science – calling on the GEF to make a transformational contribution towards a global low-carbon economy During this time of significant change in climate politics and global financial architecture for climate action, the GEF faces new challenges and opportunities. The newest STAP report, prepared by leading experts in the field, under the leadership of STAP Panel Member, Prof. N.H. Ravindranath, reviews recently published climate science literature and provides a set of important considerations for the GEF’s role in this context. The report provides rich scientific and policy information about current mitigation and adaptation science. However, the single most important conclusion coming from this work could be summarized as the following:

To stabilize GHG concentrations in the atmosphere at a level preventing dangerous interference with the climate system, incremental reductions in GHG emissions are inadequate and a transformation shift leading to significant “decarbonization” of energy supply and economic systems is required. While the existing GEF approach to climate mitigation through market transformation and investment is environmentally sound, and climate friendly technologies remain relevant, the Facility should strive to shift away from promoting single technology and/or single sector approaches towards increased focus on systemic approaches – encompassing a combination of energy demand reduction measures, low-carbon option deployment, innovative IT systems, energy security, and policy and capacity development.

In this context the GEF should play a leading global role in assisting developing countries and economies in transition to produce short- and long-term low-carbon development strategies, consistent with their national sustainable development goals.

The report highlights recent climate change projections, including expected impacts, and reviews key mitigation sectors and technologies. It focuses on “traditional” GEF support policies and mitigation opportunities in energy efficiency, renewable energy, REDD+, and a number of other key strategies and sectors. The report argues for a strong GEF role in such emerging sectors with high mitigation potential as urban systems combining transport, buildings, water supply, waste treatment, food supply and land use zoning; AFOLU (Agriculture, Forest and Other Land Use); agri-food supply systems – including emerging and often controversial mitigation opportunities such as short-lived climate forcers and carbon capture and storage.

Publication Date: November 2012  Authors: N.H. Ravindranath, Ralph E. H. Sims, Diana Urge-Vorsatz, Milou Beerepoot, Rajiv K. Chaturvedi and Lev Neretin DOWNLOAD

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Calculating Greenhouse Gas Benefits of Global Environment Facility Transportation Projects

The primary purpose of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is to generate global environmental benefit. The essential path for achieving this goal is the financial support of projects whose completion delivers substantial, measurable reductions in greenhouse gases (GHG). The more projects that can be brought to fruition, the greater is the fulfillment of our purpose, and the more profound is the positive impact on the environment. This effort is a collaboration between the GEF and those applicants proposing projects designed to yield these benefits. This Manual is designed to assist proponents in shaping their projects accurately and responsibly, and presenting them for consideration in consistent, quantifiable terms. The GEF is committed not only to supporting the national and regional goals of each group, but to extending, as far as possible, the results of these projects so that they contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) on a global scale. Publication Date: January 2011 Authors: Walter Hook, Michael Replogle and Colin K. Hughes DOWNLOAD DOWNLOAD TEEMP Models

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Sustainable Low-Carbon Transport

This report defines “Sustainable low-carbon transport” as a strategy to provide economically viable infrastructure and operation that offers safe and secure access for both persons and goods whilst reducing short and long term negative impact on the local and global environment. This is in conformity with the views of IPCC (2007) according to which transportation planning and policy has a direct linkage to sustainable development, which includes reducing oil imports, improvement of air quality, reducing traffic congestion and improving travelling facilities. Such a policy can have important synergies with reducing GHG emissions. Publication Date: November 2010 Authors: Holger Dalkmann and Cornie Huizenga DOWNLOAD

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Title: Facility for Low Carbon Technology Deployment


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Title: Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in Peru


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Title: Sustainable Energy Program


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Title: Promoting Production and Utilization of Biomethane from Agro-Waste in South-Eastern Botswana


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Title: Reducing GHG Emissions from Road Transport in Russia


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Title: IND Programmatic Framework Project for Energy Efficiency in India (PROGRAM)


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