This report examines sustainable land management (SLM) and its potential as an integrative strategy to address multiple environmental and sustainable development objectives. It highlights the linkages between SLM and soil health, land degradation, food security, climate changes mitigation and adaptation. The report is intended to provide information and guidance on fostering SLM, to a wide range of stakeholders involved in agriculture, environmental management and sustainable development. It aims to support investment in SLM by the GEF, particularly investments in pursuit of Land Degradation Neutrality. This report:
- explores the anthropogenic and natural drivers of land degradation, and the potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits of SLM;
- examines the role of SLM in addressing the critical challenge of global food security
- describes the key processes of land degradation and their impacts, as the basis for developing good practice guidance on SLM that is scientifically sound and robust;
- proposes principles for SLM that promote soil health, productivity and ecosystem services;
- presents a framework for identifying SLM practices suited to the context and objectives;
- provides guidance on identifying indicators for evaluation of a site in terms of land potential and soil condition, and indicators for monitoring outcomes of SLM investments;
- discusses the barriers to adoption of good practice for SLM; and
- provides recommendations for developing and implementing SLM programs in ways that optimise global environmental benefits.
Recommendations are provided to guide GEF investment in support of SLM, and planning of SLM programs.