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News Updates

News from the Chair

I am pleased to announce two new publications that STAP has presented to the 51st Meeting of Council - Governance Challenges, Gaps and Management Opportunities in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) and Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation. We hope the culmination of these... Read More

Advice to the GEF

The STAP Panel provides advice to the GEF on strategies, policies and projects. During each replenishment phase, STAP analyzes the environmental priorities for the GEF which involves identifying key themes for GEF investments to protect & enhance the global environment while contributing to sustainable development...Read More

Recent Publications

  • This Advisory Document from the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) takes stock of a range of earlier GEF IW investments and concludes that existing governance and management arrangements could be improved to balance the often diverse and conflicting water management objectives, stakeholder priorities, and institutional arrangements of connected systems in the source-to-sea continuum. This proposed source-to-sea framework considers the interconnected social, ecological, and economic systems in a comprehensive manner, from the land area that is drained by a river system to the coastal area to the open ocean it flows into. It offers a way to consolidate analysis, planning, policy-making, and decision-making...

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  • This STAP information paper synthesizes the regulatory and legal frameworks of UNCLOS. It encourages the GEF to support actions that account for the diversity of ecosystem services that ABNJ provides to regulating the climate, maintaining and enhancing marine biodiversity, and supporting local livelihoods. Integrated spatial planning and other tools, or approaches, can help support future actions on ABNJ while strengthening governance arrangements that can address future risks and environmental challenges not aptly covered by current laws and institutional policies.

  • STAP and UNEP's Global Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts, and Adaptation initiated a process to assess the state of knowledge on the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of climate change adaptation (CCA). This report reflects the synthesis of efforts over the past two years in that area, and draws from a wide base of knowledge regarding the current state of national and multilateral actions on adaptation, the outcomes of the Paris Agreement, and the needs and priorities of the GEF.

  • The Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility (STAP/GEF) commissioned an analysis of the science of integration in relation to systems thinking literature. The paper seeks to strengthen the GEF’s efforts on integrated programming by assessing key aspects of integration based on systems thinking principles required to design and implement natural resource management projects.  The analysis focuses on a random sample of cross-cutting GEF projects and case studies to identify challenges and opportunities for the GEF to consider in its future integrated efforts.  The paper and accompanying material on the case studies are presented below.

    Science of...

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  • RAPTA is a unique tool to help project designers and planners build the ideas of resilience, adaptation and transformation into their projects from the start, to ensure outcomes that are practicable, valuable and sustainable through time and change. This report offers practical advice to planners, project managers, policy makers, donors, farmers, researchers and other stakeholders on how to do this. This version of the guidelines was developed especially for meeting challenges around the future security of agriculture but applies equally well to planning for climate change adaptation, urban development, disaster management, biodiversity conservation and other vital fields.

    RAPTA offers a fresh dimension to the familiar task of project planning and...

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  • Black carbon causes millions of deaths every year as well as contributes to the warming of the planet. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that indoor smoke from burning coal or wood is among the top ten major health risk factors globally, contributing to over 4 million people dying prematurely from illness attributable to the household air pollution each year. Women and children are particularly at risk. Black carbon emissions arise mainly from the combustion of diesel fuel and biofuels, coal-fired power stations, biomass cook stoves, brick kilns and vegetation burning in open fields. There is increasing recognition of the importance of reducing emissions of black carbon and other short-lived climate...

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  • The concepts of resilience, adaptation and transformation are gaining prominence and being translated into aspirational goals that guide policy development. Understanding resilience, adaptation and transformation is critical to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, particularly those related to climate change adaptation, food security, and safeguarding ecosystem functions. Devising interventions to progress resilience goals requires methods to evaluate resilience, and identify needs with respect to adaptation and transformation. Monitoring progress toward these goals requires identification of relevant indicators. The Resilience, Adaptation Pathways and Transformation Assessment (RAPTA) was commissioned by STAP to address these needs. The RAPTA provides...

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  •  This report identifies and evaluates necessary conditions for the GEF's support of biofuel projects, and provides recommendations to the GEF Partnership. It outlines a strategic framework for supporting the supply of sustainable biofuels at scales that are significant to the global climate. It reconciles energy and food security challenges with local developmental needs and aspirations. Finally, it evaluates the growing controversy surrounding the sustainable production of biofuels and land-use competition. Overall, the GEF could help reduce the risks and costs for biofuel production, promote a faster transition to commercial viability, develop the market and regulatory conditions for promoting sustainable biofuel technologies and enable the positive development of biofuels as a climate...

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  • This review provides an updated, structured assessment of the impacts of climate change on GEF projects. In particular, the review focuses on the impact of climate change on ecosystems and species and its implications on GEF-6 strategy focal areas of biodiversity, land degradation, international waters and sustainable forest management. The review is intended primarily for the GEF Partnership and particularly the GEF Secretariat. The report is based on the outcomes of  GEF-STAP workshop on the topic held in January 2014 and builds on pre-existing GEF work on the issue. The analysis framework considered the climate change impacts on each of the four GEF focal areas in relation to a range of factors that are likely to be impacted by climate change: (A) physical/chemical...

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  • The trends towards urbanization, and the opportunities for introducing sustainability into the process, are complex technically, sociologically and financially. From a technical standpoint, understanding long term, multidisciplinary impacts of improper or delayed action requires uncommon knowledge and experience in all of the technical areas germane to cities. Sociologically, people do not, as a general rule, embrace complexity in today’s world, nor do they accept being forced to change. Instead, they need an agent to reduce any complexity (or perceived complexity) to simple, acceptable steps. Finally, the financial aspect to sustainable urbanization is exceedingly complicated. What financial instruments and strategies render optimal results? What sources of funding should...

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