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‘Novel entities,’ are defined as, “things created and introduced into the environment by human beings that could have positive or negative disruptive effects on the Earth’s system.” One of the challenges for the GEF is deciding which new technologies offer solutions that can increase global environmental benefits while minimising potential adverse impacts, how these technologies relate to its mission, in what time frame, and what strategies will capture the most benefits.
Environmental security underpins the rationale for investment in global environmental benefits, and is essential to maintain the earth's life-supporting ecosystems generating water, food, and clean air. Reducing environmental security risks also depends fundamentally on improving resource governance and social resilience to natural resource shocks and stresses. The environment is better protected in the absence of conflict and in the presence of stable, effective governance.
This STAP paper outlines the science of knowledge management, why knowledge management is important to the GEF, and recommends how the GEF can strengthen knowledge management.
These screening guidelines explain, “what does STAP look for when it screens GEF projects?”; and provide prompts for project proponents to address scientific and technical issues that are important for designing projects.
This paper analyses the role of the circular economy in solving the plastic challenge, highlighting some examples of successful circular solutions: it emphasizes that the circular economy alone will not solve the global plastic problem, and indicates that an all-encompassing solution needs to reduce demand and produce only essential plastic products. The paper concludes with advice to the GEF on its possible role in solving the global plastic pollution problem.
Food production will need to significantly increase in order to feed the growing global population. This paper presents solutions that can help improve the sustainability of current agri-food system in both the short and long term. It highlights the role of a circular economy approach in tackling the problem and concludes with advice to the GEF on its potential role in improving the sustainability of current agri-food sector.
This STAP paper outlines the science of integration, why integration matters to the GEF, and recommends how to improve integration in the future design of GEF projects.
This paper reviews of GEF investments and concludes that existing governance and management arrangements could be improved to balance the often diverse and conflicting water management objectives, stakeholder priorities, and institutional arrangements of connected systems in the source-to-sea continuum. This paper presents a conceptual framework to support the design and implementation of GEF projects, addressing inter-connected upstream and downstream water systems by identifying several key flows that need to be managed across the source-to-sea continuum and geographies.
This paper synthesises the regulatory and legal frameworks of UNCLOS. It encourages the GEF to support actions that account for the diversity of ecosystem services that ABNJ provides to regulating the climate, maintaining and enhancing marine biodiversity, and supporting local livelihoods. Integrated spatial planning and other tools can help to support future actions on ABNJ while strengthening governance arrangements that can address future risks and environmental challenges not aptly covered by current laws and institutional policies.
RAPTA is a tool to help project designers and planners build the ideas of resilience, adaptation and transformation into their projects from the start, to ensure outcomes that are practicable, valuable and sustainable through time and change. This paper offers practical advice to planners, project managers, policy makers, donors, farmers, researchers and other stakeholders on how to do this.
STAP developed guidelines for the design of multi-focal area projects based on the principles of resilience. These principles focus on: participation and system thinking (e.g. participation of stakeholders to gain a complete understanding of the problem and responses; slow variables that monitor the interactions between social and ecological dynamics); system structure (e.g. the connectivity of the various elements in a system); experimentation and learning (e.g. encourage experimentation and learning for the purposes of adaptive management, monitoring and iteration).
The Fifth GEF Assembly comes at a critical but exciting juncture of the Facility. In two decades, the GEF partnership has made demonstrable contributions to delivering global environmental benefits (GEBs) in accord with its mandate as the financial mechanism for the Rio Conventions. Yet threats to the global commons continue to grow – driven by human activities and lifestyle choices – resulting in pollution, biodiversity loss, degradation of land and water, fragmentation of ecosystems, and climate change.
This paper reports on the outcome of two workshops on this issue that took place in Cape Town, South Africa in 2004 and 2013. In 2004, the objective was to review the concept of biodiversity mainstreaming, to promote best practices in GEF projects focused on production landscapes and seascapes, and to assess the effectiveness of such interventions. In 2013, the objective was to assess lessons learned, and includes case studies and perspectives on mainstreaming.
This paper reports on a review of evidence related to the impacts on human well-being arising from the establishment or maintenance of terrestrial PAs. The evidence base provides a range of possible pathways of the impacts of PAs on human well-being (both positive and negative). However, it provides very little support for decision-making on how to maximise positive impacts or minimise negative ones. Recommendations are made to improve the design of future studies.
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